A high ankle sprain is stretching of the ligament in front of the ankle which holds our two leg bones- fibula and tibia together above our ankle joint. High ankle sprain is caused by rolling over the front of our foot (toes in the ground) this places more pressure on the front of our ankle, unlike the usual lateral ankle sprain where we roll on the outside of our ankle.
Whiplash is commonly caused by motor-vehicle accidents or sporting crashes (snowboarding, skating, bike riding) and can be a literal pain in the neck. Whilst whiplash is descriptive of an acute injury there are also many associated implications that can result, known as whiplash associated disorders (WAD) including motor, sensory, neurological, and psychological impairments.
A higher emphasis is being placed on concussion injuries, and for good reason. Although the long-term side effects of concussion are yet to be fully understood, traumatic injuries to the brain over short period of time can increase the likelihood of serious implications including neurological impairment and brain bleeding. The world is largely focusing on policies and gold standards towards the management, treatment and prevention of concussions and second impact syndrome (a secondary trauma to the head following a concussion).